Heart Disease Specialist

Shyamsundar Rajan, MD

Internal Medicine & Geriatric Medicine located in Silver Spring, MD

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, and your risk increases as you age. Whether you already have heart disease or not, you can take proactive measures to protect your heart with the help of Shyamsundar Rajan, MD. It’s never too late to make lifestyle changes or begin therapies to combat heart disease. Contact Dr. Rajan’s Silver Spring, Maryland, clinic online or over the phone to set up a consultation.

Heart Disease Q & A

What is heart disease?

“Heart disease” is a term that describes an array of problems that affect the heart and blood vessels, most often related to atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a condition in which plaque buildup causes the arteries to narrow and constrict blood flow. Some examples of heart disease include:

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Arrhythmia
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Heart infections
  • Cardiomyopathy

What risk factors contribute to heart disease?

Some contributing factors put you at increased risk of developing heart disease, such as:

  • Aging
  • Genetics
  • Poor diet and sedentary lifestyle
  • Smoking
  • Untreated high blood pressure or cholesterol
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Stress

What complications does heart disease lead to?

Heart disease increases your chances of several dangerous conditions, such as the following:

  • Heart attack: blood clot cuts off blood flow to the heart
  • Stroke: blood clot cuts off blood flow to the brain
  • Heart failure: the heart doesn’t pump blood effectively
  • Aneurysm: a dangerous bulge inside an artery
  • Peripheral artery disease: decreased circulation in the extremities

How do you treat heart disease?

Dr. Rajan treats heart disease from a variety of directions, including healthy lifestyle changes, medication, and medical procedures.

Lifestyle modifications

Dr. Rajan promotes a low-fat, low-salt diet and 30 minutes of exercise daily for the significant impact they have on heart disease risk. He can also help you focus on relaxation techniques to lower your stress levels. If you drink or smoke, Dr. Rajan may suggest cutting back or quitting to protect your heart.


The type of medication Dr. Rajan recommends depends on your specific underlying conditions. For example, if you have high cholesterol or hypertension, he may prescribe cholesterol or blood pressure medication. Dr. Rajan may have you take daily aspirin or keep nitroglycerin on hand.

Medical procedures

In some instances, when the heart is damaged, or medications don’t help, Dr. Rajan may recommend surgery or other procedures. Stents, pacemakers, and angioplasty are a few examples of medical procedures that he uses for heart problems.

As your primary care provider, Dr. Rajan coordinates your healthcare and makes the appropriate referrals. If you’re concerned about heart disease, make an appointment with Dr. Rajan online or over the phone to discuss your preventive and treatment options.