Hypertension Specialist

Shyamsundar Rajan, MD

Internal Medicine & Geriatric Medicine located in Silver Spring, MD

Dr. Shyamsundar Rajan offers comprehensive treatment and medical care to help you manage hypertension from his practice in Silver Spring, Maryland. If you’re living with high blood pressure or other warning signs of heart disease, effective medical treatment can help you manage and control your blood pressure to lead a healthy and active life. Call or book an appointment online today to meet with Dr. Rajan for effective, customized care.

Hypertension Q & A

What is hypertension?

Your blood pressure is the measurement of the force of your blood in your arteries as your heart beats. The first number is your systolic pressure, or the force exerted when your heart beats. The second number represents the force of your blood when your heart is at rest between beats.

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a medical condition where your blood pressure readings are consistently higher than 130/80. High blood pressure increases your risk of heart attacks, strokes, and kidney failure.

What are the symptoms of hypertension?

Hypertension doesn’t typically cause any symptoms. That’s why blood pressure screenings are such a critical part of your routine physicals.

Dr. Rajan monitors your blood pressure and if anything changes, he can help you take steps, like modifying your diet or exercise habits, to improve and control your blood pressure and health.

What causes hypertension?

There's a hereditary component to your risk of developing hypertension; however, your lifestyle also has a significant effect. The following risk factors for developing hypertension are related to your lifestyle choices and include whether:

  • You’re overweight
  • You smoke
  • You eat too much high-fat food and not enough vegetables and fruit
  • You don’t exercise enough
  • You drink too much alcohol

How is hypertension treated?

Dr. Rajan manages hypertension with a combination of treatments that are customized to address your specific needs. More likely than not, your care may include medications and lifestyle modifications.

In almost all cases, lifestyle changes lower and control your blood pressure. For example, if you smoke or use tobacco products, you should quit. If you’re worried about how you’ll accomplish that, Dr. Rajan can provide smoking cessation support.

You can also change your diet to include more fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins, cutting back on saturated fats, processed foods, and refined sugars. It’s also important to reduce alcohol consumption.

You should also exercise regularly. It’s recommended to get 30 minutes of moderate exercise, five days a week. This could be as simple as taking a brisk stroll around your neighborhood after dinner.

All of these changes will help you maintain a healthy body weight, which can also reduce your blood pressure.

If lifestyle modifications don't lower your blood pressure, Dr. Rajan prescribes medication. The medications work in different ways to lower and control hypertension. Some of the medications commonly prescribed include:

  • Diuretics
  • Beta-blockers
  • Alpha-blockers
  • ACE inhibitors
  • ARBs
  • Direct renin inhibitors
  • Calcium channel blockers

If you have concerns about hypertension, call or book an appointment online.