During a stroke, a blood clot or an aneurysm cuts off blood flow to the brain. Without blood to deliver oxygen and nutrients to your brain cells, they begin to die.
Because of its impact on the brain, a stroke is a medical emergency. Prompt treatment reduces the amount of brain damage.
The extent of brain damage caused by a stroke depends on the area affected and the length of time it was deprived of oxygen. Some people recover fully from strokes while others experience permanent paralysis.
It’s helpful to know the symptoms of a stroke, because the sooner you identify it and get help, the better the outcome. Every minute counts in the event of a stroke.
Remembering the acronym FAST can help you memorize the symptoms of a stroke. FAST stands for:
The risk factors for stroke include:
It’s imperative to make healthy lifestyle changes if you want to combat these risk factors. You can counter physical inactivity and excessive weight with an exercise program and healthier dietary choices.
If you drink heavily, smoke, or use illicit drugs, Dr. Rajan recommends that you stop, and he can provide the resources to help you.
If you have medical risk factors for stroke, such as heart disease, Dr. Rajan promotes preventive measures. Lifestyle modifications, medications, and medical procedures may also be necessary.
If you’ve already suffered a stroke, Dr. Rajan focuses on preventing another stroke, controlling pain, and restoring function. He may prescribe medication to lower your cholesterol, reduce your risk of blood clots, or decrease your pain.
He can also help you reduce the risk of another stroke by offering exercise guidance, dietary recommendations, and stress-relieving activities. You may need physical, speech, and occupational therapy to help you speak and perform normal activities again.
Learn more about your stroke risk and treatment options by calling or using the online scheduling system to meet with Dr. Rajan.